A solar panel (also solar PV module, solar module, photovoltaic module) is a packaged connected assembly of photovoltaic cells. The solar panel can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each panel is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions, and typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. Put simply, photovoltaics (PV) are the direct conversion of sunlight into electrical power. Solar modules capture solar energy and generate direct current (DC) electricity. Inverters (power conditioners) convert DC into AC (alternating current) to run many common appliances and equipment.